Pinus radiata, also known as New Zealand pine, is native to some islands in California. However, it has not been paid much attention because of its poor stem shape and slow growth rate. The introduction of Pinus radiata into New Zealand in the 19th century benefited from the unique climate conditions of the island country. The Pinus radiata settled down smoothly and grew well. Through modern genetic breeding and intensive management technology, the yield per unit area of Pinus radiata plantation in New Zealand has increased by 30% compared with that of 60 years ago. The Pinus radiata industry has become one of the pillar industries of the national economy, and the forestry employees account for about 0.56% of the total population. In addition to New Zealand, Pinus radiata has been well developed in Australia, South Africa, Chile and Spain.
At present, Pinus radiata can be used in construction, wood-based panels, paper, furniture, railway sleepers and other aspects.